Gum disease is also known as periodontal disease. This is caused by long-term built up of plaque and tartar that leads to the recession of gum tissue and loss of bone surrounding and supporting the teeth. If left untreated, periodontal disease will cause loosening and eventual loss of teeth.

Plaque is a mixture of microorganisms (bacteria) and remaining food. This sticky bio-film will remain attached to the teeth for 24 hours before it is calcified and turns into a hard material called tartar. Tartar build up around teeth will attract more plaque and eventually grow in size causing the gums and bone to recede.

This process can be stopped early by brushing, flossing and regular dental cleanings. If the build-up of tartar extends below the gum-line, more aggressive treatment, such as Scaling and Root Planning or Periodontal Surgery may be necessary.

Most of people have gum disease to some extent. It is important to know that periodontal disease is painless until near the end. It is very similar to high blood pressure; prevention and being pro-active is the best way to treat gum disease.